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Polecamy w Warszawie:
1. Krakow historic centre (1978)
Kraków Coat of arms and location

Stare Miasto (English: Old Town District) is the central historical district of Kraków. It is the most prominent example of an old town district in the country, Kraków being the original capital of the country. It was added in 1978 to the UNESCO World Heritage Sites (as Cracow's Historic Centre).

The 13th-century merchants' town, former capital of Poland, features Rynek Główny, or Main Square - the largest medieval town square of any European city - with numerous historic churches such as Kościół Mariacki (St. Mary's Basilica), Church of St. Wojciech and other national treasures like Sukiennice (Cloth Hall, currently housing gift shops, restaurants and merchant stalls, with the National Gallery of Art upstairs), Town Hall Tower, the Barbakan (anglicized form Barbican, a defense tower once part of a comprehensive network of fortifications encircling the city - next to Florian Gate), and Wawel Castle, the former seat of Polish kings which overlooks the Vistula river.

2. Wieliczka Salt Mine (1978)
Wieliczka Coat of arms and location

The salt mine in Wieliczka, due to a rich collection of the original and perfectly conserved mining tools as well as peculiar installations, including the ventilation and air conditioning systems, constitutes a unique and complete material witness to the evolution of mining technology and methods throughout the seven centuries, in Europe. It bears an exceptional testimony to the harmonious coexistence between human's activity and its natural environment, which influenced the development of unique salt industry organization as well as the world industry in general, before the Age of steam. It is also of considerable historical significance for the evidence that it has provided of the evolution of the tourism since the beginning of XV century.

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3. Auschwitz Concentration Camp (1979)
Oświęcim Coat of arms and location

Auschwitz-Birkenau (Konzentrationslager Auschwitz) was the largest of Nazi Germany's concentration camps. Located in German-occupied southern Poland, it took its name from the nearby town of Oświęcim (Auschwitz in German), situated about 50 kilometers west of Kraków and 286 kilometers from Warsaw. The former extermination camp of Auschwitz-Birkenau is surrounded with barbed wire fencing on the line of 15 kilometers. The camp barracks, watchtowers, leftovers of crematories and gas chambers, gallows, barbed wire fences, as well as with the authentic material evidence of violence, illustrated by victim's belongings - bear testimony to one of the greatest crimes of the Second World War. It exhibits the most horrendous vision of the largest world death camp of the Third Reich - the tripled symbol of genocide, Holocaust, and Martyrdom - the mark of cruelty of "one man towards 4 millions human beings"

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4. Bialowieza Forest (1979)
Bialowieza location and emblem of Bialowieza National Park

(Białowieski Park Narodowy) is the most valuable area of Białowieża Primeval Forest that is the last natural woodland of the Old Continent. The Białowieża national Park is also the oldest national park in Poland, dated to 1932. However, its strict protection zone, so-called: "Reserve" forestry, dates back to 1921. In 1992, UNESCO decided to enlarge the boundaries of this World Heritage Site by including to its area the part of Belarusian national park - "Belovezhskaya Pushcha" (5.500ha). Thus, it constitutes a transboundary natural property of Mankind - the only one, among its category, in Poland, and the 13th in the world.

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5. Historic Centre of Warsaw (1980)
Old Town Market Square - Warsaw Mermaid

The historic centre of Warsaw has been placed on the UNESCO's list of World Heritage Sites as "an outstanding example of a near-total reconstruction of a span of history covering the 13th to the 20th century."

The historic center of Warsaw, composed by the Old and the New Town, is under the strict conservation protection imposed by UNESCO. The site, formerly so-called "Paris of the North" was tragically destroyed by Nazi troops, during the Second World War, and in particular in 1944, as a result of Warsaw Uprising. As a special privileged cultural property of UNESCO, it constitutes an outstanding example of global successful reconstruction of a span of history running from the 13th to the 20th centuries, which were therefore almost entirely damaged. But its authenticity is associated with an exceptional five-year reconstruction campaign inspired by the will of the nation and a great motivation of its citizens who brought it to life again with piety and in the greatest details, as soon as the fighting ceased. What is more, it has exercised a considerable influence, in the majority of European countries, on the evolution of the revitalization concepts and preservation of old city quarters.

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6. Old City of Zamość (1992)
Zamość Coat of arms and location

Old Town of Zamość is a rare example of almost completely unchanged Renaissance planned town, erected on so-called "campo aperto" and modeled on Italian architectural origins. It is at the same time the only town of its kind that was the personal creation of one man. It was founded in 1580 by the chancellor Jan Zamoyski, and arranged on the trade route linking western and northern Europe with the Black Sea. This "ideal" urban layout - a masterpiece of human creative genius, left its imprint on the development of architecture as well as on the town planning conceptions, not only in Poland but also in whole central Europe.

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7. Medieval Town of Toruń (1997)
Toruń Coat of arms and location

is the first town founded in the wide spread region of Prussia. Its main heritage considered to be of outstanding universal value for Humankind, is represented by the unique spatial layout of the Old Town and New Town together, preserved from XIII century in almost original condition, with a great number of uncommon types of building, which represent best achievements of gothic brick architecture with a very high rate of mediaeval substance, covered only in certain cases with later stratification - renaissance, baroque, classicistic or neohistoric. All these creations exist thanks to a great prosperity of the town, due to its trade development as well as a remarkable creativeness of the most notable architects and artists from all over the world. What is more, the protected zone nominated by UNESCO also include the double wall fortifications, expanded on the distance of 2,5 km, and strengthened with a number of towers and gates, which were frequently duplicated in many later founded towns in Prussia.

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8. Teutonic Order Castle in Malbork (1997)
Malbork Coat of arms and location

Malbork is situated in North Poland on the bank of Nogat River. Malbork Castle is one of the most magnificent monument of Gothic brick architecture in Europe. 3 castles compose the vast mediaeval architectural composition, work on which began in 1247: the High Castle, the Middle Castle and the Fore Castle; They are enclosed by the system of fortifications that form the largest complex of Gothic brick architecture in Europe. The castle at Malbork is un unique architectural achievement that provided many innovatory and important approaches to the development of European mediaeval defensive architecture. This is due in particular to the revolutionary methods of construction and the exceptional artistic design of the vaulting and portals. Also worthy of note is a great interior original polychrome decoration and the use of architectural sculpture. These solutions undoubtedly influenced not only the evolution of the following castles of the Teutonic Order, but they also established a standard for other Gothic buildings in the northeastern Europe.

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9. Kalwaria Zebrzydowska Pilgrimage Park (1999)
Kalwaria Zebrzydowska Coat of arms and location

Kalwaria Zebrzydowska park is a Mannerist architectural and park landscape complex and pilgrimage park, built in the 17th century as the Counter Reformation in the late 16th century led to prosperity in the creation of Calvaries in Catholic Europe. It is the best known sanctuary in Poland, after Jasna Góra in Częstochowa. The park, located near the town Kalwaria Zebrzydowska which took its name from it, was added in 1999 to the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites. It is not only a historic complex of religious buildings but it is an always alive traditional avenues celebrations. The shrine of Kalwaria Zebrzydowska is one of the most often visited pilgrimage places in Poland. It also supposed to be among the most interesting landscape and architectural projects in Europe. More than a million pilgrims arrive here every year. The most frequented event is the celebration of the Holy Week with the Glorious Mystery of the Lord and the Burial and Triumph of Our Lady Celebrations.

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10. Churches of Peace in Jawor and Swidnica (2001)
Jawor and Świdnica Coat of arms and location

The Churches of Peace in Jawor and Świdnica are the biggest European religious timber-framed constructions. However, their architectonical value is less important that the factual significance they represent. Both timber-framed structures were erected after the Thirty Years' War, which devastated a big part of Europe. Signing the Treaty of Westphalia, in 1648, the then Emperor of Silesia allowed to the Silesian Lutherans for construction of three churches (in Głogów, Jawor and Świdnica), in Silesian principalities under direct Habsburg rule, as a symbol of the end of the War and the religious conflict, in the same time. Nevertheless, the churches had to be built exclusively of perishable materials, and located far away from city walls. That is how the two largest religious timber-framed buildings were created in "reformed" Europe, and henceforth known as "The places of worship with an important message

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11. Wooden Churches of Southern Little Poland (2003)
Wooden churches of Little Poland location

The nominated wooden churches are situated in Southern Poland, in the area of a historic region of Little Poland, being a part of Małopolskie and Podkarpackie voivodeships. Numerous mediaeval wooden churches persisted till the present day in the wastes of Little Poland Province. They all take there a part of "The Wooden Architecture Route", but only few of them preserved their full core authenticity, and as such they represent a unique phenomenon on a scale of whole world. The nomination of 9 churches of southern Poland was submitted in June 2001 - only 6 of nine proposed mediaeval wooden buildings were identified finally as a heritage considered to be of outstanding universal value of humankind. The nominated group of 6 Gothic timber churches is unique sacral relict of mediaeval church building traditions, only dying out in our times. They bear an outstanding testimony to a vanished historical period in which they were constructed.

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12. Muskauer Park / Park Mużakowski (2004)
Muskauer Park (Park Mużakowski) location

Muskauer Park is one of the finest examples of the European green space design for public urban areas, in the 1st half of 19th cent. UNESCO recognized its outstanding exceptional value in terms of the "cultural landscape" categories. In 2004, the park was inscribed on the World Heritage List. Muskauer Park constitute a pioneering example foreshadowing some new approaches to landscape design in cities and in their surrounding, and at the same time - a point of depart in evolution of landscape architecture, as a discipline. Worth noticing is the fact that Muskauer Park, as a transboundary property, is till now the only "living" European demonstration of remarkable close cooperation conducted by Polish and German nations, working together for a protection and revalorization of this particular type of landscape.

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13. Centennial Hall in Wroclaw (2006)
Wrocław Coat of arms and location

The Centennial Hall in Wroclaw is a masterpiece of human creative genius and a major structural challenge that broke new ground in terms of development towards some original techniques and structural methods for the monumental constructions of 20th century. The erection of the Centennial Hall in Wroclaw had a profound impact on the idea to explore the possibilities of a new material - ferroconcrete, and to use it in the architectural practices. Moreover, this innovative approach has stimulated changes, which are introduced into the conceptions of reinforcement of concrete and steel structures. It is a pioneering and, at the same time, one of the most brilliant achievement of contemporary engineering and architecture. It also bears an exceptional testimony to the mutual international exchange of ideas of early 20th century, which influenced the expansion of new architectural and structural solutions for ferroconcrete constructions.

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